NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit B3
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes an accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (Complex I) which is the first enzyme in the electron transport chain of mitochondria. This protein localizes to the inner membrane of the mitochondrion as a single-pass membrane protein. Mutations in this gene contribute to mitochondrial complex 1 deficiency. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding the same protein. Humans have multiple pseudogenes of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]
Accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (Complex I), that is believed not to be involved in catalysis. Complex I functions in the transfer of electrons from NADH to the respiratory chain. The immediate electron acceptor for the enzyme is believed to be ubiquinone.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Mitochondrial complex 1 deficiency, nuclear type 25
Mitochondrial complex I deficiency, nuclear type 25 (MC1DN25): A form of mitochondrial complex I deficiency, the most common biochemical signature of mitochondrial disorders, a group of highly heterogeneous conditions characterized by defective oxidative phosphorylation, which collectively affects 1 in 5-10000 live births. Clinical disorders have variable severity, ranging from lethal neonatal disease to adult-onset neurodegenerative disorders. Phenotypes include macrocephaly with progressive leukodystrophy, non-specific encephalopathy, cardiomyopathy, myopathy, liver disease, Leigh syndrome, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, and some forms of Parkinson disease. MC1DN25 transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. [MIM:618246]