NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit A2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The encoded protein is a subunit of the hydrophobic protein fraction of the NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex 1), the first enzyme complex in the electron transport chain located in the inner mitochondrial membrane, and may be involved in regulating complex I activity or its assembly via assistance in redox processes. Mutations in this gene are associated with Leigh syndrome, an early-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
Accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (Complex I), that is believed not to be involved in catalysis. Complex I functions in the transfer of electrons from NADH to the respiratory chain. The immediate electron acceptor for the enzyme is believed to be ubiquinone.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- MITOCHONDRIAL COMPLEX I DEFICIENCY, NUCLEAR TYPE 13
Mitochondrial complex I deficiency, nuclear type 13 (MC1DN13): A form of mitochondrial complex I deficiency, the most common biochemical signature of mitochondrial disorders, a group of highly heterogeneous conditions characterized by defective oxidative phosphorylation, which collectively affects 1 in 5-10000 live births. Clinical disorders have variable severity, ranging from lethal neonatal disease to adult-onset neurodegenerative disorders. Phenotypes include macrocephaly with progressive leukodystrophy, non-specific encephalopathy, cardiomyopathy, myopathy, liver disease, Leigh syndrome, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, and some forms of Parkinson disease. MC1DN13 transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. [MIM:618235]