N-deacetylase and N-sulfotransferase 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the heparan sulfate/heparin GlcNAc N-deacetylase/ N-sulfotransferase family. The encoded enzyme is a type II transmembrane protein that resides in the Golgi apparatus. The encoded protein catalyzes the transfer of sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate to nitrogen of glucosamine in heparan sulfate. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]
Essential bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the N-deacetylation and the N-sulfation of glucosamine (GlcNAc) of the glycosaminoglycan in heparan sulfate. Modifies the GlcNAc-GlcA disaccharide repeating sugar backbone to make N-sulfated heparosan, a prerequisite substrate for later modifications in heparin biosynthesis (PubMed:10758005, PubMed:12634318). Plays a role in determining the extent and pattern of sulfation of heparan sulfate. Compared to other NDST enzymes, its presence is absolutely required. Participates in biosynthesis of heparan sulfate that can ultimately serve as L-selectin ligands, thereby playing a role in inflammatory response (PubMed:10758005, PubMed:12634318). Required for the exosomal release of SDCBP, CD63 and syndecan (PubMed:22660413).
From NCBI Gene:
- Mental retardation, autosomal recessive 46
Mental retardation, autosomal recessive 46 (MRT46): A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRT46 manifestations include delayed psychomotor development apparent from infancy or early childhood, delayed or absent expressive speech, hypotonia, and therapy-responsive seizures in some patients. Behavioral abnormalities are variable and include aggression, self-injurious behavior, and sleep disturbances. [MIM:616116]