myelin regulatory factor
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a transcription factor that is required for central nervous system myelination and may regulate oligodendrocyte differentiation. It is thought to act by increasing the expression of genes that effect myelin production but may also directly promote myelin gene expression. Loss of a similar gene in mouse models results in severe demyelination. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]
Myelin regulatory factor: Constitutes a precursor of the transcription factor. Mediates the autocatalytic cleavage that releases the Myelin regulatory factor, N-terminal component that specifically activates transcription of central nervous system (CNS) myelin genes (PubMed:23966832).
Myelin regulatory factor, N-terminal: Transcription factor that specifically activates expression of myelin genes such as MBP, MOG, MAG, DUSP15 and PLP1 during oligodendrocyte (OL) maturation, thereby playing a central role in oligodendrocyte maturation and CNS myelination. Specifically recognizes and binds DNA sequence 5'-CTGGYAC-3' in the regulatory regions of myelin-specific genes and directly activates their expression. Not only required during oligodendrocyte differentiation but is also required on an ongoing basis for the maintenance of expression of myelin genes and for the maintenance of a mature, viable oligodendrocyte phenotype (PubMed:23966832).
Myelin regulatory factor, C-terminal: Membrane-bound part that has no transcription factor activity and remains attached to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane following cleavage.
From NCBI Gene:
- CARDIAC-UROGENITAL SYNDROME
- ENCEPHALITIS/ENCEPHALOPATHY, MILD, WITH REVERSIBLE MYELIN VACUOLIZATION
Encephalitis/encephalopathy, mild, with reversible myelin vacuolization (MMERV): An autosomal dominant disease characterized by episodes of acute encephalitis associated with impaired consciousness, delirious behavior, seizures, and reversible splenial lesions observed on diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. Most patients completely recover and there are no neurologic sequelae. MMERV occurs in children and is frequently associated with a trigger, such as a febrile illness. [MIM:618113]