megakaryocyte and platelet inhibitory receptor G6b
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene is a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily and is located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class III region. The protein encoded by this gene is a glycosylated, plasma membrane-bound cell surface receptor, but soluble isoforms encoded by some transcript variants have been found in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi before being secreted. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Isoform B, displayed in this entry, is the only isoform to contain both a transmembrane region and 2 immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitor motifs (ITIMs) and, thus, the only one which probably has a role of inhibitory receptor. Isoform A may be the activating counterpart of isoform B.
Inhibitory receptor that acts as a critical regulator of hematopoietic lineage differentiation, megakaryocyte function and platelet production (PubMed:12665801, PubMed:17311996, PubMed:27743390). Inhibits platelet aggregation and activation by agonists such as ADP and collagen-related peptide (PubMed:12665801). This regulation of megakaryocate function as well as platelet production ann activation is done through the inhibition (via the 2 ITIM motifs) of the receptors CLEC1B and GP6:FcRgamma signaling (PubMed:17311996). Appears to operate in a calcium-independent manner (PubMed:12665801).
From NCBI Gene:
- Thrombocytopenia, anemia, and myelofibrosis
Thrombocytopenia, anemia, and myelofibrosis (THAMY): An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia, increased number of giant platelets, and anemia manifesting in early childhood. Bone marrow biopsy shows increased number of megakaryocytes and reticular fibrosis consistent with myelofibrosis. [MIM:617441]