multiple EGF like domains 10
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the multiple epidermal growth factor-like domains protein family. The encoded protein plays a role in cell adhesion, motility and proliferation, and is a critical mediator of apoptotic cell phagocytosis as well as amyloid-beta peptide uptake in the brain. Expression of this gene may be associated with schizophrenia, and mutations in this gene are a cause of early-onset myopathy, areflexia, respiratory distress, and dysphagia (EMARDD) as well as congenital myopathy with minicores. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]
Membrane receptor involved in phagocytosis by macrophages and astrocytes of apoptotic cells. Receptor for C1q, an eat-me signal, that binds phosphatidylserine expressed on the surface of apoptotic cells (PubMed:27170117). Cooperates with ABCA1 within the process of engulfment. Promotes the formation of large intracellular vacuoles and may be responsible for the uptake of amyloid-beta peptides (PubMed:20828568, PubMed:17643423). Necessary for astrocyte-dependent apoptotic neuron clearance in the developing cerebellum (PubMed:27170117). Plays role in muscle cell proliferation, adhesion and motility. Is also an essential factor in the regulation of myogenesis. Controls the balance between skeletal muscle satellite cells proliferation and differentiation through regulation of the notch signaling pathway (PubMed:28498977, Ref.14). May also function in the mosaic spacing of specific neuron subtypes in the retina through homotypic retinal neuron repulsion. Mosaics provide a mechanism to distribute each cell type evenly across the retina, ensuring that all parts of the visual field have access to a full set of processing elements (PubMed:17498693, PubMed:17643423, PubMed:20828568, PubMed:22101682, PubMed:27170117, PubMed:28498977).
From NCBI Gene:
- Myopathy, areflexia, respiratory distress, and dysphagia, early-onset
Myopathy, early-onset, areflexia, respiratory distress, and dysphagia (EMARDD): An autosomal recessive congenital myopathy characterized by onset at birth, or early in infancy, of respiratory distress caused by diaphragmatic weakness. Additional features are dysphagia resulting in poor feeding, failure to thrive, poor head control, facial weakness, cleft palate, contractures and scoliosis. Affected individuals become ventilator-dependent, and most require feeding by gastrostomy. The disorder results in severe muscle weakness and most patients never achieve walking. Death from respiratory failure in childhood occurs in about half of patients. Muscle biopsies from affected individuals show myopathic changes, replacement of myofibers with fatty tissue, small and incompletely fused muscle fibers, and variation in fiber size. Short regions of sarcomeric disorganization with few or no mitochondria (minicores) have been observed in some cases. [MIM:614399]
An adult onset form of MEG10 myopathy, a condition characterized by muscle weakness and respiratory distress. Additional features include a palatal midline ridge, bilateral scapular winging, pes cavus, lumbar lordosis and protruded abdomen. Muscle weakness is proximal more than distal with diffusely absent deep tendon reflexes. Affected individuals become ventilator-dependent and have poor exercise tolerance. Muscle biopsies from affected individuals show myopathic changes such as fiber atrophy and the presence of core-like structures. Prior to onset of symptoms, affected individuals do not display any significant respiratory or motor symptoms.