MDS1 and EVI1 complex locus
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a transcriptional regulator and oncoprotein that may be involved in hematopoiesis, apoptosis, development, and cell differentiation and proliferation. The encoded protein can interact with CTBP1, SMAD3, CREBBP, KAT2B, MAPK8, and MAPK9. This gene can undergo translocation with the AML1 gene, resulting in overexpression of this gene and the onset of leukemia. Several transcript variants encoding a few different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]
Isoform 1: Functions as a transcriptional regulator binding to DNA sequences in the promoter region of target genes and regulating positively or negatively their expression. Oncogene which plays a role in development, cell proliferation and differentiation. May also play a role in apoptosis through regulation of the JNK and TGF-beta signaling. Involved in hematopoiesis.
Isoform 7: Displays histone methyltransferase activity and monomethylates 'Lys-9' of histone H3 (H3K9me1) in vitro. Probably catalyzes the monomethylation of free histone H3 in the cytoplasm which is then transported to the nucleus and incorporated into nucleosomes where SUV39H methyltransferases use it as a substrate to catalyze histone H3 'Lys-9' trimethylation. Likely to be one of the primary histone methyltransferases along with PRDM16 that direct cytoplasmic H3K9me1 methylation.
From NCBI Gene:
- Radioulnar synostosis with amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia 2
A chromosomal aberration involving EVI1 is a cause of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Translocation t(3;21)(q26;q22) with RUNX1/AML1.
Radioulnar synostosis with amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia 2 (RUSAT2): An autosomal dominant disease characterized by proximal fusion of the radius and ulna resulting in extremely limited pronation and supination of the forearm, and congenital thrombocytopenia that progresses to pancytopenia. [MIM:616738]
A chromosomal aberration involving MDS1 is found in a form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Translocation t(3;21) with AML1.