membrane bound transcription factor peptidase, site 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a intramembrane zinc metalloprotease, which is essential in development. This protease functions in the signal protein activation involved in sterol control of transcription and the ER stress response. Mutations in this gene have been associated with ichthyosis follicularis with atrichia and photophobia (IFAP syndrome); IFAP syndrome has been quantitatively linked to a reduction in cholesterol homeostasis and ER stress response.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2009]
Involved in regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) that is the cleavage of membrane-spanning regulatory proteins by proteases within the plane of the membrane. It cleaves sterol-regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) within the first transmembrane segment, thereby releasing the N-terminal segment with a portion of the transmembrane segment attached. Mature N-terminal fragments shuttle to the nucleus and activate gene transcription (PubMed:9659902, PubMed:27380894). Involved in RIP-mediated regulation of bone formation (PubMed:27380894).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Palmoplantar keratoderma, mutilating, with periorificial keratotic plaques, X-linked
- Keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans, X-linked
- OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA, TYPE XIX
- IFAP syndrome with or without BRESHECK syndrome
Keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans X-linked (KFSDX): A rare disorder affecting the skin and the eye. Affected men show thickening of the skin of the neck, ears, and extremities, especially the palms and soles, loss of eyebrows, eyelashes and beard, thickening of the eyelids with blepharitis and ectropion, and corneal degeneration. [MIM:308800]
Olmsted syndrome, X-linked (OLMSX): A rare congenital disorder characterized by bilateral mutilating palmoplantar keratoderma and periorificial keratotic plaques with severe itching at all lesions. Diffuse alopecia, constriction of digits, and onychodystrophy have also been reported. Infections and squamous cell carcinomas can arise on the keratotic areas. The digital constriction may progress to autoamputation of fingers and toes. [MIM:300918]
IFAP syndrome with or without BRESHECK syndrome (IFAPS): A syndrome characterized by a peculiar triad of follicular ichthyosis, total or subtotal atrichia, and photophobia of varying degree. Histopathologically, the epidermal granular layer is generally well-preserved or thickened at the infundibulum. Hair follicles are poorly developed and tend to be surrounded by an inflammatory infiltrate. A subgroup of patients is described with lamellar rather than follicular ichthyosis. Non-consistent features may include growth and psychomotor retardation, aganglionic megacolon, seizures and nail dystrophy. [MIM:308205]
Osteogenesis imperfecta 19 (OI19): An X-linked form of osteogenesis imperfecta, a connective tissue disorder characterized by low bone mass, bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures after minimal trauma. Disease severity ranges from very mild forms without fractures to intrauterine fractures and perinatal lethality. Extraskeletal manifestations, which affect a variable number of patients, are dentinogenesis imperfecta, hearing loss, and blue sclerae. OI19 is characterized by prenatal fractures, short stature, white sclerae, variable scoliosis and pectal deformity, striking tibial anterior angulation and generalized osteopenia. [MIM:301014]