membrane bound transcription factor peptidase, site 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase family, which includes proteases that process protein and peptide precursors trafficking through regulated or constitutive branches of the secretory pathway. The encoded protein undergoes an initial autocatalytic processing event in the ER to generate a heterodimer which exits the ER and sorts to the cis/medial-Golgi where a second autocatalytic event takes place and the catalytic activity is acquired. It encodes a type 1 membrane bound protease which is ubiquitously expressed and regulates cholesterol or lipid homeostasis via cleavage of substrates at non-basic residues. Mutations in this gene may be associated with lysosomal dysfunction. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]
Serine protease that catalyzes the first step in the proteolytic activation of the sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs). Other known substrates are BDNF, GNPTAB and ATF6. Cleaves after hydrophobic or small residues, provided that Arg or Lys is in position P4. Cleaves known substrates after Arg-Ser-Val-Leu (SERBP-2), Arg-His-Leu-Leu (ATF6), Arg-Gly-Leu-Thr (BDNF) and its own propeptide after Arg-Arg-Leu-Leu. Mediates the protein cleavage of GNPTAB into subunit alpha and beta, thereby participating in biogenesis of lysosomes. Involved in the regulation of M6P-dependent Golgi-to-lysosome trafficking of lysosomal enzymes (PubMed:30046013). It is required for the activation of CREB3L2/BBF2H7, a transcriptional activator of MIA3/TANGO and other genes controlling mega vesicle formation. Therefore, it plays a key role in the regulation of mega vesicle-mediated collagen trafficking (PubMed:30046013).
From NCBI Gene:
- SPONDYLOEPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA, KONDO-FU TYPE
Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, Kondo-Fu type (SEDKF): A disorder characterized by severely retarded growth, spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, reduced bone mineral density, and markedly elevated plasma levels of various lysosomal enzymes. Additional features include pectus carinatum, kyphosis, a waddling gait, brachydactyly and dysmorphic facial features. SEDKF transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. [MIM:618392]