The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a caspase-like protease that plays a role in BCL10-induced activation of NF-kappaB. The protein is a component of the CARMA1-BCL10-MALT1 (CBM) signalosome that triggers NF-kappaB signaling and lymphoctye activation following antigen-receptor stimulation. Mutations in this gene result in immunodeficiency 12 (IMD12). This gene has been found to be recurrently rearranged in chromosomal translocations with other genes in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas, including a t(11;18)(q21;q21) translocation with the baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 3 (also known as apoptosis inhibitor 2) locus [BIRC3(API2)-MALT1], and a t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation with the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus (IGH-MALT1). Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2018]
Enhances BCL10-induced activation of NF-kappa-B. Involved in nuclear export of BCL10. Binds to TRAF6, inducing TRAF6 oligomerization and activation of its ligase activity. Has ubiquitin ligase activity. MALT1-dependent BCL10 cleavage plays an important role in T-cell antigen receptor-induced integrin adhesion. Involved in the induction of T helper 17 cells (Th17) differentiation. Cleaves RC3H1 and ZC3H12A in response to T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation which releases their cooperatively repressed targets to promote Th17 cell differentiation.
From NCBI Gene:
- Immunodeficiency 12
A chromosomal aberration involving MALT1 is recurrent in low-grade mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma). Translocation t(11;18)(q21;q21) with BIRC2. This translocation is found in approximately 50% of cytogenetically abnormal low-grade MALT lymphoma.
Immunodeficiency 12 (IMD12): A primary immunodeficiency characterized by onset in infancy of recurrent bacterial and candidal infections resulting in bronchiectasis and growth delay. Manifestations include mastoiditis, aphthous ulcers, cheilitis, gingivitis, esophagitis, gastritis, duodenitis, and meningitis. Levels of absolute lymphocytes and serum immunoglobulins are normal, but specific antibody titers are low despite immunization, and T-cells show impaired proliferative responses to mitogens. [MIM:615468]