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From NCBI Gene:
This gene has been found to be recurrently rearranged in chromosomal translocation with two other genes - baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 3 (also known as apoptosis inhibitor 2) and immunoglobulin heavy chain locus - in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas. The protein encoded by this gene may play a role in NF-kappaB activation. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Enhances BCL10-induced activation of NF-kappa-B. Involved in nuclear export of BCL10. Binds to TRAF6, inducing TRAF6 oligomerization and activation of its ligase activity. Has ubiquitin ligase activity. MALT1-dependent BCL10 cleavage plays an important role in T-cell antigen receptor-induced integrin adhesion.
From NCBI Gene:
- Immunodeficiency 12
A chromosomal aberration involving MALT1 is recurrent in low-grade mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma). Translocation t(11;18)(q21;q21) with BIRC2. This translocation is found in approximately 50% of cytogenetically abnormal low-grade MALT lymphoma.
Immunodeficiency 12 (IMD12): A primary immunodeficiency characterized by onset in infancy of recurrent bacterial and candidal infections resulting in bronchiectasis and growth delay. Manifestations include mastoiditis, aphthous ulcers, cheilitis, gingivitis, esophagitis, gastritis, duodenitis, and meningitis. Levels of absolute lymphocytes and serum immunoglobulins are normal, but specific antibody titers are low despite immunization, and T-cells show impaired proliferative responses to mitogens. [MIM:615468]