The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the leiomodin family of proteins. This protein contains three actin-binding domains, a tropomyosin domain, a leucine-rich repeat domain, and a Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein homology 2 domain (WH2). Localization of this protein to the pointed ends of thin filaments has been observed, and there is evidence that this protein acts as a catalyst of actin nucleation, and is important to the organization of sarcomeric thin filaments in skeletal muscles. Mutations in this gene have been associated as one cause of Nemaline myopathy, as other genes have also been linked to this disorder. Nemaline myopathy is a disorder characterized by nonprogressive generalized muscle weakness and protein inclusions (nemaline bodies) in skeletal myofibers. Patients with mutations in this gene often present with a severe congenital form of the disorder. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]
Essential for the organization of sarcomeric actin thin filaments in skeletal muscle (PubMed:25250574). Increases the rate of actin polymerization (PubMed:25250574).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Nemaline myopathy 10
Nemaline myopathy 10 (NEM10): An autosomal recessive severe form of nemaline myopathy. Nemaline myopathies are muscular disorders characterized by muscle weakness of varying severity and onset, and abnormal thread-like or rod-shaped structures in muscle fibers on histologic examination. NEM10 is characterized by early-onset generalized muscle weakness and hypotonia with respiratory insufficiency and feeding difficulties. Additional features include arthrogryposis or congenital contractures, ophthalmoplegia, a history of prematurity, reduced fetal movements, and polyhydramnios. Most patients die of respiratory failure in early infancy. [MIM:616165]