lipopolysaccharide induced TNF factor
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Lipopolysaccharide is a potent stimulator of monocytes and macrophages, causing secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and other inflammatory mediators. This gene encodes lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha factor, which is a DNA-binding protein and can mediate the TNF-alpha expression by direct binding to the promoter region of the TNF-alpha gene. The transcription of this gene is induced by tumor suppressor p53 and has been implicated in the p53-induced apoptotic pathway. Mutations in this gene cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1C (CMT1C) and may be involved in the carcinogenesis of extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD). Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]
Plays a role in endosomal protein trafficking and in targeting proteins for lysosomal degradation (PubMed:23166352). Plays a role in targeting endocytosed EGFR and ERGG3 for lysosomal degradation, and thereby helps downregulate downstream signaling cascades (PubMed:23166352). Helps recruit the ESCRT complex components TSG101, HGS and STAM to cytoplasmic membranes (PubMed:23166352). Probably plays a role in regulating protein degradation via its interaction with NEDD4 (PubMed:15776429). May also contribute to the regulation of gene expression in the nucleus (PubMed:10200294, PubMed:15793005). Binds DNA (in vitro) and may play a synergistic role with STAT6 in the nucleus in regulating the expression of various cytokines (PubMed:15793005). May regulate the expression of numerous cytokines, such as TNF, CCL2, CCL5, CXCL1, IL1A and IL10 (PubMed:10200294, PubMed:15793005).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, type 1C
Defects in LITAF may be involved in extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) carcinogenesis. EMPD is a cancerous disease representing about 8% of all malignant skin cancers; it usually appears in the anogenital area and can be fatal by metastasizing to internal organs when left untreated for a long time. The clinical features are usually those of eczematous eruptions with weeping and crust formation.
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 1C (CMT1C): A dominant demyelinating form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a disorder of the peripheral nervous system, characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy, initially of the peroneal muscles and later of the distal muscles of the arms. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is classified in two main groups on the basis of electrophysiologic properties and histopathology: primary peripheral demyelinating neuropathies (designated CMT1 when they are dominantly inherited) and primary peripheral axonal neuropathies (CMT2). Demyelinating neuropathies are characterized by severely reduced nerve conduction velocities (less than 38 m/sec), segmental demyelination and remyelination with onion bulb formations on nerve biopsy, slowly progressive distal muscle atrophy and weakness, absent deep tendon reflexes, and hollow feet. [MIM:601098]