LARP7 gene

La ribonucleoprotein 7, transcriptional regulator

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a protein which is found in the 7SK snRNP (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein). This snRNP complex inhibits a cyclin-dependent kinase, positive transcription elongation factor b, which is required for paused RNA polymerase II at a promoter to begin transcription elongation. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 3. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

From UniProt:

RNA-binding protein that specifically binds distinct small nuclear RNA (snRNAs) and regulates their processing and function (PubMed:18249148, PubMed:32017898). Specifically binds the 7SK snRNA (7SK RNA) and acts as a core component of the 7SK ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex, thereby acting as a negative regulator of transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II (PubMed:18249148, PubMed:18483487). The 7SK RNP complex sequesters the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) in a large inactive 7SK RNP complex preventing RNA polymerase II phosphorylation and subsequent transcriptional elongation (PubMed:18249148, PubMed:18483487). The 7SK RNP complex also promotes snRNA gene transcription by RNA polymerase II via interaction with the little elongation complex (LEC) (PubMed:28254838). LARP7 specifically binds to the highly conserved 3'-terminal U-rich stretch of 7SK RNA; on stimulation, remains associated with 7SK RNA, whereas P-TEFb is released from the complex (PubMed:18483487, PubMed:18281698). LARP7 also acts as a regulator of mRNA splicing fidelity by promoting U6 snRNA processing (PubMed:32017898). Specifically binds U6 snRNAs and associates with a subset of box C/D RNP complexes: promotes U6 snRNA 2'-O-methylation by facilitating U6 snRNA loading into box C/D RNP complexes (PubMed:32017898). U6 snRNA 2'-O-methylation is required for mRNA splicing fidelity (PubMed:32017898). Binds U6 snRNAs with a 5'-CAGGG-3' sequence motif (PubMed:32017898). U6 snRNA processing is required for spermatogenesis (By similarity).

From NCBI Gene:

  • Alazami syndrome

From UniProt:

Alazami syndrome (ALAZS): A syndromic form of primordial dwarfism, a condition characterized by severe growth restriction that has its onset in utero, and results in short stature and undersize. ALAZS patients manifest severe intellectual disability and distinct facial features including malar hypoplasia, deep-set eyes, broad nose, short philtrum, and macrostomia. Some patients have non-specific and inconsistent skeletal findings, for example, scoliosis and mild epiphyseal changes in the proximal phalanges, but no frank dysplasia. [MIM:615071]

Cytogenetic Location: 4q25, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 4 at position 25

Molecular Location: base pairs 112,636,964 to 112,657,592 on chromosome 4 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200522, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 4q25, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 4 at position 25
  • ALAZS
  • HDCMA18P
  • hLARP7
  • PIP7S