The KRT83 gene provides instructions for making the type II hair keratin K83 protein (K83). This protein belongs to a group of proteins known as keratins, which are tough, fibrous proteins that form the structural framework of cells that make up the hair, skin, and nails. Each keratin protein partners with another keratin protein to form molecules called intermediate filaments. These filaments assemble into strong networks that provide strength and resiliency to the tissues and protect them from being damaged by everyday physical stresses. The K83 protein is found in cells that make up the inner compartment of the hair shaft known as the cortex, and this protein helps give hair its strength and elasticity.
Mutations in the KRT83 gene can cause monilethrix, a hair condition characterized by strands of hair with a beaded appearance and short, brittle hair that breaks easily. Mutations associated with this condition change a single protein building block (amino acid) in the K83 protein. The amino acid changes usually occur in a region of the K83 protein thought to be important in intermediate filament formation. In people with monilethrix, the cortex of the affected hair shaft appears abnormal. However, it is unclear how mutations in the KRT83 gene are related to the abnormality in the cortex or the beaded appearance of the hair.
Genetics Home Reference provides information about erythrokeratodermia variabilis et progressiva.
- hair keratin K2.10
- hard keratin, type II, 3
- keratin 83, type II
- keratin, hair, basic, 3
- type II hair keratin Hb3
- type-II keratin Kb23