The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a conserved centrosomal protein that functions in ciliogenesis and responds to hedgehog signaling. Mutations in this gene causes Joubert syndrome 23. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants and protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]
Required for ciliogenesis and sonic hedgehog/SHH signaling. Required for the centrosomal recruitment of RAB8A and for the targeting of centriole satellite proteins to centrosomes such as of PCM1. May play a role in early ciliogenesis in the disappearance of centriolar satellites that preceeds ciliary vesicle formation (PubMed:24421332). Involved in regulation of cell intracellular organization. Involved in regulation of cell polarity (By similarity). Required for asymmetrical localization of CEP120 to daughter centrioles.
From NCBI Gene:
- Joubert syndrome 23
- Short-rib thoracic dysplasia 14 with polydactyly
Short-rib thoracic dysplasia 14 with polydactyly (SRTD14): A form of short-rib thoracic dysplasia, a group of autosomal recessive ciliopathies that are characterized by a constricted thoracic cage, short ribs, shortened tubular bones, and a 'trident' appearance of the acetabular roof. Polydactyly is variably present. Non-skeletal involvement can include cleft lip/palate as well as anomalies of major organs such as the brain, eye, heart, kidneys, liver, pancreas, intestines, and genitalia. Some forms of the disease are lethal in the neonatal period due to respiratory insufficiency secondary to a severely restricted thoracic cage, whereas others are compatible with life. Disease spectrum encompasses Ellis-van Creveld syndrome, asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy (Jeune syndrome), Mainzer-Saldino syndrome, and short rib-polydactyly syndrome. [MIM:616546]
Joubert syndrome 23 (JBTS23): A mild form of Joubert syndrome, a disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy, renal disease, liver fibrosis, and polydactyly. [MIM:616490]