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From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a novel, evolutionarily conserved, ciliary protein. In human hTERT-RPE1 cells, the protein is found at the base of cilia, decorating the ciliary axoneme, and enriched at the ciliary tip. The protein binds to microtubules in vitro and regulates their stability when it is overexpressed. A null mutation in this gene has been associated with Joubert syndrome, a recessive disorder that is characterized by a distinctive mid-hindbrain and cerebellar malformation and is also often associated with wider ciliopathy symptoms. Consistently, in a serum-starvation ciliogenesis assay, human fibroblast cells derived from patients with the mutation display a reduced number of ciliated cells with abnormally long cilia. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]
May influence the stability of microtubules (MT), possibly through interaction with the MT-severing katanin complex.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Joubert syndrome 26
Joubert syndrome 26 (JBTS26): A form of Joubert syndrome, a disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy, renal disease, liver fibrosis, and polydactyly. JBTS26 inheritance is autosomal recessive. [MIM:616784]