The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Junctional complexes between the plasma membrane and endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum are a common feature of all excitable cell types and mediate cross talk between cell surface and intracellular ion channels. The protein encoded by this gene is a component of junctional complexes and is composed of a C-terminal hydrophobic segment spanning the endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane and a remaining cytoplasmic domain that shows specific affinity for the plasma membrane. This gene is a member of the junctophilin gene family. Alternative splicing has been observed at this locus and two variants encoding distinct isoforms are described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Junctophilin-2: Membrane-binding protein that provides a structural bridge between the plasma membrane and the sarcoplasmic reticulum and is required for normal excitation-contraction coupling in cardiomyocytes (PubMed:20095964). Provides a structural foundation for functional cross-talk between the cell surface and intracellular Ca(2+) release channels by maintaining the 12-15 nm gap between the sarcolemma and the sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes in the cardiac dyads (By similarity). Necessary for proper intracellular Ca(2+) signaling in cardiac myocytes via its involvement in ryanodine receptor-mediated calcium ion release (By similarity). Contributes to the construction of skeletal muscle triad junctions.
Junctophilin-2 N-terminal fragment: Transcription repressor required to safeguard against the deleterious effects of cardiac stress. Generated following cleavage of the Junctophilin-2 chain by calpain in response to cardiac stress in cardiomyocytes. Following cleavage and release from the membrane, translocates to the nucleus, binds DNA and represses expression of genes implicated in cell growth and differentiation, hypertrophy, inflammation and fibrosis. Modifies the transcription profile and thereby attenuates pathological remodeling in response to cardiac stress. Probably acts by competing with MEF2 transcription factors and TATA-binding proteins.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 17
Cardiomyopathy, familial hypertrophic 17 (CMH17): A hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death. [MIM:613873]