insulin receptor substrate 4
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
IRS4 encodes the insulin receptor substrate 4, a cytoplasmic protein that contains many potential tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation sites. Tyrosine-phosphorylated IRS4 protein has been shown to associate with cytoplasmic signalling molecules that contain SH2 domains. The IRS4 protein is phosphorylated by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase upon receptor stimulation.. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Acts as an interface between multiple growth factor receptors possessing tyrosine kinase activity, such as insulin receptor, IGF1R and FGFR1, and a complex network of intracellular signaling molecules containing SH2 domains. Involved in the IGF1R mitogenic signaling pathway. Promotes the AKT1 signaling pathway and BAD phosphorylation during insulin stimulation without activation of RPS6KB1 or the inhibition of apoptosis. Interaction with GRB2 enhances insulin-stimulated mitogen-activated protein kinase activity. May be involved in nonreceptor tyrosine kinase signaling in myoblasts. Plays a pivotal role in the proliferation/differentiation of hepatoblastoma cell through EPHB2 activation upon IGF1 stimulation. May play a role in the signal transduction in response to insulin and to a lesser extent in response to IL4 and GH on mitogenesis. Plays a role in growth, reproduction and glucose homeostasis. May act as negative regulators of the IGF1 signaling pathway by suppressing the function of IRS1 and IRS2.
From NCBI Gene:
- HYPOTHYROIDISM, CONGENITAL, NONGOITROUS, 9
Hypothyroidism, congenital, non-goitrous, 9 (CHNG9): A form of central hypothyroidism, a disorder characterized by sub-optimal thyroid hormone secretion, due to insufficient stimulation by thyrotropin of an otherwise normal thyroid gland. It may be caused by congenital or acquired disorders of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. CHNG9 is a congenital, X-linked recessive form. Patients have a small thyroid gland with low free T4 levels and inappropriately normal levels of thyrotropin. [MIM:301035]