inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase E
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) 5-phosphatase. InsP3 5-phosphatases hydrolyze Ins(1,4,5)P3, which mobilizes intracellular calcium and acts as a second messenger mediating cell responses to various stimulation. Studies of the mouse counterpart suggest that this protein may hydrolyze phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate on the cytoplasmic Golgi membrane and thereby regulate Golgi-vesicular trafficking. Mutations in this gene cause Joubert syndrome; a clinically and genetically heterogenous group of disorders characterized by midbrain-hindbrain malformation and various associated ciliopathies that include retinal dystrophy, nephronophthisis, liver fibrosis and polydactyly. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) phosphatase that specifically hydrolyzes the 5-phosphate of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) and phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P2) (PubMed:10764818) (By similarity). Specific for lipid substrates, inactive towards water soluble inositol phosphates (PubMed:10764818). Plays an essential role in the primary cilium by controlling ciliary growth and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling and stability (By similarity).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Joubert syndrome 1
- MORM syndrome
Joubert syndrome 1 (JBTS1): A disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy and renal disease. [MIM:213300]
Mental retardation, truncal obesity, retinal dystrophy, and micropenis (MORMS): An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by moderate mental retardation, truncal obesity, congenital non-progressive retinal dystrophy, and micropenis in males. The phenotype is similar to Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Cohen syndrome Distinguishing features are the age of onset, the non-progressive nature of the visual impairment, lack of dysmorphic facies, skin or gingival infection, microcephaly, mottled retina, polydactyly, and testicular anomalies. [MIM:610156]