IL6 gene

interleukin 6

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a cytokine that functions in inflammation and the maturation of B cells. In addition, the encoded protein has been shown to be an endogenous pyrogen capable of inducing fever in people with autoimmune diseases or infections. The protein is primarily produced at sites of acute and chronic inflammation, where it is secreted into the serum and induces a transcriptional inflammatory response through interleukin 6 receptor, alpha. The functioning of this gene is implicated in a wide variety of inflammation-associated disease states, including suspectibility to diabetes mellitus and systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]

From UniProt:

Cytokine with a wide variety of biological functions. It is a potent inducer of the acute phase response. Plays an essential role in the final differentiation of B-cells into Ig-secreting cells Involved in lymphocyte and monocyte differentiation. Acts on B-cells, T-cells, hepatocytes, hematopoietic progenitor cells and cells of the CNS. Required for the generation of T(H)17 cells. Also acts as a myokine. It is discharged into the bloodstream after muscle contraction and acts to increase the breakdown of fats and to improve insulin resistance. It induces myeloma and plasmacytoma growth and induces nerve cells differentiation.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Classic Kaposi sarcoma
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, systemic juvenile
  • Cerebral arteriovenous malformation
  • Inflammatory bowel disease 1

From UniProt:

A IL6 promoter polymorphism is associated with a lifetime risk of development of Kaposi sarcoma in HIV-infected men.

Rheumatoid arthritis systemic juvenile (RASJ): An inflammatory articular disorder with systemic-onset beginning before the age of 16. It represents a subgroup of juvenile arthritis associated with severe extraarticular features and occasionally fatal complications. During active phases of the disorder, patients display a typical daily spiking fever, an evanescent macular rash, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, serositis, myalgia and arthritis. [MIM:604302]

Cytogenetic Location: 7p21, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 7 at position 21

Molecular Location: base pairs 22,725,889 to 22,732,002 on chromosome 7 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 7p21, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 7 at position 21
  • BSF-2
  • BSF2
  • CDF
  • HGF
  • HSF
  • IFN-beta-2
  • IFNB2
  • IL-6