interleukin 1 receptor accessory protein like 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the interleukin 1 receptor family and is similar to the interleukin 1 accessory proteins. This protein has an N-terminal signal peptide, three extracellular immunoglobulin Ig-like domains, a transmembrane domain, an intracellular Toll/IL-1R domain, and a long C-terminal tail which interacts with multiple signalling molecules. This gene is located at a region on chromosome X that is associated with a non-syndromic form of X-linked intellectual disability. Deletions and mutations in this gene were found in patients with intellectual disability. This gene is expressed at a high level in post-natal brain structures involved in the hippocampal memory system, which suggests a specialized role in the physiological processes underlying memory and learning abilities, and plays a role in synapse formation and stabilization. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2017]
May regulate secretion and presynaptic differentiation through inhibition of the activity of N-type voltage-gated calcium channel (PubMed:12783849). May activate the MAP kinase JNK (PubMed:15123616). Plays a role in neurite outgrowth (By similarity). During dendritic spine formation can bidirectionally induce pre- and post-synaptic differentiation of neurons by trans-synaptically binding to PTPRD.
From NCBI Gene:
- Mental retardation 21, X-linked
Mental retardation, X-linked 21 (MRX21): A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. Intellectual deficiency is the only primary symptom of non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation, while syndromic mental retardation presents with associated physical, neurological and/or psychiatric manifestations. [MIM:300143]