HTRA2 gene

HtrA serine peptidase 2

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a serine protease. The protein has been localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and interacts with an alternatively spliced form of mitogen-activated protein kinase 14. The protein has also been localized to the mitochondria with release to the cytosol following apoptotic stimulus. The protein is thought to induce apoptosis by binding the apoptosis inhibitory protein baculoviral IAP repeat-containing 4. Nuclear localization of this protein has also been observed. Alternate splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2016]

From UniProt:

Serine protease that shows proteolytic activity against a non-specific substrate beta-casein. Promotes or induces cell death either by direct binding to and inhibition of BIRC proteins (also called inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, IAPs), leading to an increase in caspase activity, or by a BIRC inhibition-independent, caspase-independent and serine protease activity-dependent mechanism. Cleaves THAP5 and promotes its degradation during apoptosis. Isoform 2 seems to be proteolytically inactive.

From NCBI Gene:

  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type VIII
  • Parkinson disease 13

From UniProt:

Parkinson disease 13 (PARK13): A complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by bradykinesia, resting tremor, muscular rigidity and postural instability, as well as by a clinically significant response to treatment with levodopa. The pathology involves the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and the presence of Lewy bodies (intraneuronal accumulations of aggregated proteins), in surviving neurons in various areas of the brain. [MIM:610297]

3-methylglutaconic aciduria 8 (MGCA8): An autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism resulting in early death. Clinical features include extreme hypertonia observed at birth, alternating with hypotonia, subsequent appearance of extrapyramidal symptoms, lack of psychomotor development, microcephaly, and intractable seizures. Patients show lactic acidemia, 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, intermittent neutropenia, and progressive brain atrophy. [MIM:617248]

Cytogenetic Location: 2p13.1, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 2 at position 13.1

Molecular Location: base pairs 74,529,405 to 74,533,556 on chromosome 2 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200522, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 2p13.1, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 2 at position 13.1
  • MGCA8
  • OMI
  • PARK13
  • PRSS25