histone deacetylase 6
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Histones play a critical role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression, and developmental events. Histone acetylation/deacetylation alters chromosome structure and affects transcription factor access to DNA. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to class II of the histone deacetylase/acuc/apha family. It contains an internal duplication of two catalytic domains which appear to function independently of each other. This protein possesses histone deacetylase activity and represses transcription. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues on the N-terminal part of the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) (PubMed:10220385). Histone deacetylation gives a tag for epigenetic repression and plays an important role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression and developmental events (PubMed:10220385). Histone deacetylases act via the formation of large multiprotein complexes (PubMed:10220385). In addition to histones, deacetylates other proteins: plays a central role in microtubule-dependent cell motility by mediating deacetylation of tubulin (PubMed:12024216, PubMed:20308065). Involved in the MTA1-mediated epigenetic regulation of ESR1 expression in breast cancer (PubMed:24413532). In addition to its protein deacetylase activity, plays a key role in the degradation of misfolded proteins: when misfolded proteins are too abundant to be degraded by the chaperone refolding system and the ubiquitin-proteasome, mediates the transport of misfolded proteins to a cytoplasmic juxtanuclear structure called aggresome (PubMed:17846173). Probably acts as an adapter that recognizes polyubiquitinated misfolded proteins and target them to the aggresome, facilitating their clearance by autophagy (PubMed:17846173).
From NCBI Gene:
- Chondrodysplasia with platyspondyly, distinctive brachydactyly, hydrocephaly, and microphthalmia
Chondrodysplasia with platyspondyly, distinctive brachydactyly, hydrocephaly, and microphthalmia (CDP-PBHM): A disease characterized by chondrodysplasia, severe platyspondyly, hydrocephaly, and facial features with microphthalmia. Bone abnormalities include a distinctive metaphyseal cupping of the metacarpals, metatarsals, and phalanges. Affected females show a milder phenotype with small stature, sometimes associated with body asymmetry and mild mental retardation. [MIM:300863]