H3 clustered histone 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. This structure consists of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a nucleosome, an octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H3 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails; instead, they contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the large histone gene cluster on chromosome 6p22-p21.3. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
HIST1H3B or HIST1H3C mutations affecting residue Lys-37 of histone H3.1 are involved in the pathogenesis of pediatric undifferentiated soft tissue sarcomas. The mechanism through which mutations lead to tumorigenesis involves altered histones methylation with gain of global H3K27 methylation, altered Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) activity, aberrant epigenetic regulation of gene expression and impaired differentiation of mesenchimal progenitor cells.
Glioma (GLM): Gliomas are benign or malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells. They comprise astrocytomas and glioblastoma multiforme that are derived from astrocytes, oligodendrogliomas derived from oligodendrocytes and ependymomas derived from ependymocytes. [MIM:137800]