GSTZ1 gene

glutathione S-transferase zeta 1

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene is a member of the glutathione S-transferase (GSTs) super-family which encodes multifunctional enzymes important in the detoxification of electrophilic molecules, including carcinogens, mutagens, and several therapeutic drugs, by conjugation with glutathione. This enzyme catalyzes the conversion of maleylacetoacetate to fumarylacetoacatate, which is one of the steps in the phenylalanine/tyrosine degradation pathway. Deficiency of a similar gene in mouse causes oxidative stress. Several transcript variants of this gene encode multiple protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]

From UniProt:

Bifunctional enzyme showing minimal glutathione-conjugating activity with ethacrynic acid and 7-chloro-4-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and maleylacetoacetate isomerase activity. Has also low glutathione peroxidase activity with T-butyl and cumene hydroperoxides. Is able to catalyze the glutathione dependent oxygenation of dichloroacetic acid to glyoxylic acid.

Cytogenetic Location: 14q24.3, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 14 at position 24.3

Molecular Location: base pairs 77,320,887 to 77,331,597 on chromosome 14 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 14q24.3, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 14 at position 24.3
  • GSTZ1-1
  • MAAI
  • MAAID
  • MAI