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From NCBI Gene:
Hearing impairment is a heterogeneous condition with over 40 loci described. The protein encoded by this gene is expressed in fetal cochlea, however, its function is not known. Nonsyndromic hearing impairment is associated with a mutation in this gene. Three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Plays a role in the TP53-regulated cellular response to DNA damage probably by cooperating with TP53 (PubMed:16897187, PubMed:18223688).
Switches CASP3-mediated apoptosis induced by TNF or danger signals, such as chemotherapy drugs, to pyroptosis (PubMed:28459430, PubMed:27281216). Produced by the cleavage of GSDME by CASP3, perforates cell membrane and thereby induces pyroptosis. After cleavage, moves to the plasma membrane where it strongly binds to inner leaflet lipids, bisphosphorylated phosphatidylinositols, such as phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (PubMed:28459430). Mediates secondary necrosis downstream of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and CASP3 activation as well as in response to viral agents (PubMed:28045099). Exhibits bactericidal activity (PubMed:27281216).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Deafness, autosomal dominant 5
Deafness, autosomal dominant, 5 (DFNA5): A form of non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. Sensorineural deafness results from damage to the neural receptors of the inner ear, the nerve pathways to the brain, or the area of the brain that receives sound information. [MIM:600994]
Is a tumor suppressor gene with an important role in colorectal cancer (CRC).