The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the bicoid subfamily of the paired (PRD) homeobox family of proteins. The encoded protein acts as a transcription factor and may be autoregulatory. A similar protein in mice plays a role in craniofacial and rib cage development during embryogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Regulates chordin (CHRD). May play a role in spatial programing within discrete embryonic fields or lineage compartments during organogenesis. In concert with NKX3-2, plays a role in defining the structural components of the middle ear; required for the development of the entire tympanic ring (By similarity). Probably involved in the regulatory networks that define neural crest cell fate specification and determine mesoderm cell lineages in mammals.
From NCBI Gene:
- Short stature, auditory canal atresia, mandibular hypoplasia, and skeletal abnormalities
Short stature, auditory canal atresia, mandibular hypoplasia, skeletal abnormalities (SAMS): An autosomal recessive developmental disorder with features of a first and second branchial arch syndrome, and with unique rhizomelic skeletal anomalies. Craniofacial abnormalities can lead to conductive hearing loss, respiratory insufficiency, and feeding difficulties. Skeletal features include bilateral humeral hypoplasia, humeroscapular synostosis, pelvic abnormalities, and proximal defects of the femora. Affected individuals may also have some features of a neurocristopathy or abnormal mesoderm development, such as urogenital anomalies, that are distinct from other branchial arch syndromes. [MIM:602471]