glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase is a pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme which exists in cytoplasmic and inner-membrane mitochondrial forms, GOT1 and GOT2, respectively. GOT plays a role in amino acid metabolism and the urea and tricarboxylic acid cycles. The two enzymes are homodimeric and show close homology. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2013]
Catalyzes the irreversible transamination of the L-tryptophan metabolite L-kynurenine to form kynurenic acid (KA). As a member of the malate-aspartate shuttle, it has a key role in the intracellular NAD(H) redox balance. Is important for metabolite exchange between mitochondria and cytosol, and for amino acid metabolism. Facilitates cellular uptake of long-chain free fatty acids.
From NCBI Gene:
- EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 82
Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 82 (EIEE82): A form of epileptic encephalopathy, a heterogeneous group of severe early-onset epilepsies characterized by refractory seizures, neurodevelopmental impairment, and poor prognosis. Development is normal prior to seizure onset, after which cognitive and motor delays become apparent. EIEE82 is an autosomal recessive metabolic encephalopathy characterized by epilepsy from the first year of life, global developmental delay, hypotonia and feeding difficulties apparent soon after birth, and intellectual and motor disabilities. Other features include poor overall growth, progressive microcephaly and biochemical abnormalities, including increased serum lactate and ammonia. [MIM:618721]