GLI2 gene

GLI family zinc finger 2

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a protein which belongs to the C2H2-type zinc finger protein subclass of the Gli family. Members of this subclass are characterized as transcription factors which bind DNA through zinc finger motifs. These motifs contain conserved H-C links. Gli family zinc finger proteins are mediators of Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling and they are implicated as potent oncogenes in the embryonal carcinoma cell. The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the cytoplasm and activates patched Drosophila homolog (PTCH) gene expression. It is also thought to play a role during embryogenesis. The encoded protein is associated with several phenotypes- Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome, Pallister-Hall syndrome, preaxial polydactyly type IV, postaxial polydactyly types A1 and B. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

Isoform 5: Acts as a transcriptional repressor.

Isoform 1, isoform 2, isoform 3 and isoform 4: Act as transcriptional activators in T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected cells in a Tax-dependent manner. Bind to the DNA sequence 5'-GAACCACCCA-3' which is part of the Tax-responsive element (TRE-2S) regulatory element that augments the Tax-dependent enhancer of HTLV-1 (PubMed:9557682). Are involved in the smoothened (SHH) signaling pathway (PubMed:18455992).

Functions as transcription regulator in the hedgehog (Hh) pathway (PubMed:18455992). Functions as transcriptional activator (PubMed:9557682, PubMed:19878745, PubMed:24311597). May also function as transcriptional repressor (By similarity). Requires STK36 for full transcriptional activator activity. Required for normal embryonic development (PubMed:15994174, PubMed:20685856).

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Culler-Jones syndrome
  • Holoprosencephaly 9

From UniProt:

Holoprosencephaly 9 (HPE9): A structural anomaly of the brain, in which the developing forebrain fails to correctly separate into right and left hemispheres. Holoprosencephaly is genetically heterogeneous and associated with several distinct facies and phenotypic variability. Holoprosencephaly type 9 is characterized by defective anterior pituitary formation and pan-hypopituitarism, with or without overt forebrain cleavage abnormalities, and holoprosencephaly-like midfacial hypoplasia. [MIM:610829]

Culler-Jones syndrome (CJS): An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a wide range of clinical manifestations. Clinical features include hypothalamic hamartoma, pituitary dysfunction, central or postaxial polydactyly, and syndactyly. Malformations are frequent in the viscera, e.g. anal atresia, bifid uvula, congenital heart malformations, pulmonary or renal dysplasia. [MIM:615849]

Cytogenetic Location: 2q14.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 2 at position 14.2

Molecular Location: base pairs 120,797,291 to 120,992,653 on chromosome 2 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 2q14.2, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 2 at position 14.2
  • CJS
  • HPE9
  • PHS2
  • THP1
  • THP2