GDNF

glial cell derived neurotrophic factor

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a highly conserved neurotrophic factor. The recombinant form of this protein was shown to promote the survival and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons in culture, and was able to prevent apoptosis of motor neurons induced by axotomy. The encoded protein is processed to a mature secreted form that exists as a homodimer. The mature form of the protein is a ligand for the product of the RET (rearranged during transfection) protooncogene. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Mutations in this gene may be associated with Hirschsprung disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

From UniProt:

Neurotrophic factor that enhances survival and morphological differentiation of dopaminergic neurons and increases their high-affinity dopamine uptake.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Hirschsprung disease 3
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Congenital central hypoventilation

From UniProt:

Hirschsprung disease 3 (HSCR3): A disorder of neural crest development characterized by absence of enteric ganglia along a variable length of the intestine. It is the most common cause of congenital intestinal obstruction. Early symptoms range from complete acute neonatal obstruction, characterized by vomiting, abdominal distention and failure to pass stool, to chronic constipation in the older child. [MIM:613711]

Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS): Rare disorder characterized by abnormal control of respiration in the absence of neuromuscular or lung disease, or an identifiable brain stem lesion. A deficiency in autonomic control of respiration results in inadequate or negligible ventilatory and arousal responses to hypercapnia and hypoxemia. [MIM:209880]

Cytogenetic Location: 5p13.1-p12, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 5 between positions 13.1 and 12

Molecular Location: base pairs 37,812,677 to 37,840,044 on chromosome 5 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 5p13.1-p12, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 5 between positions 13.1 and 12
  • ATF1
  • ATF2
  • HFB1-GDNF
  • HSCR3