GCM2 gene

glial cells missing transcription factor 2

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene is a homolog of the Drosophila glial cells missing gene, which is thought to act as a binary switch between neuronal and glial cell determination. The protein encoded by this gene contains a conserved N-terminal GCM motif that has DNA-binding activity. The protein is a transcription factor that acts as a master regulator of parathyroid development. It has been suggested that this transcription factor might mediate the effect of calcium on parathyroid hormone expression and secretion in parathyroid cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with hypoparathyroidism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

Transcription factor that binds specific sequences on gene promoters and activate their transcription. Through the regulation of gene transcription, may play a role in parathyroid gland development.

From NCBI Gene:

  • Hyperparathyroidism 4

From UniProt:

Hypoparathyroidism, familial isolated (FIH): A disorder characterized by hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia due to inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone. Clinical features include seizures, tetany and cramps. [MIM:146200]

Hyperparathyroidism 4 (HRPT4): A form of familial primary hyperparathyroidism, a hypercalcemic disorder caused by inappropriate oversecretion of parathyroid hormone due to parathyroid hyperplasia or neoplasms. Clinical features include hypercalcemia, phosphaturia, and increased bone resorption. HRPT4 inheritance is autosomal dominant. [MIM:617343]

Cytogenetic Location: 6p24.2, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 6 at position 24.2

Molecular Location: base pairs 10,873,223 to 10,882,041 on chromosome 6 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200522, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 6p24.2, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 6 at position 24.2
  • FIH2
  • GCMB
  • hGCMb
  • HRPT4