GABRA2 gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor subunit alpha2

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

From UniProt:

Ligand-gated chloride channel which is a component of the heteropentameric receptor for GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain (By similarity). Plays an important role in the formation of functional inhibitory GABAergic synapses in addition to mediating synaptic inhibition as a GABA-gated ion channel (By similarity). The gamma2 subunit is necessary but not sufficient for a rapid formation of active synaptic contacts and the synaptogenic effect of this subunit is influenced by the type of alpha and beta subunits present in the receptor pentamer (By similarity). The alpha2/beta2/gamma2 receptor exhibits synaptogenic activity whereas the alpha2/beta3/gamma2 receptor shows very little or no synaptogenic activity (By similarity).

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Alcohol dependence

Cytogenetic Location: 4p12, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 4 at position 12

Molecular Location: base pairs 46,243,548 to 46,390,300 on chromosome 4 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200228, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 4p12, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 4 at position 12
  • EIEE78