The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene is a member of the formin homology protein family. The encoded protein is thought to have essential roles in organization of the actin cytoskeleton and in cell polarity. Mutations in this gene have been associated with mental retardation autosomal recessive 47 (MRT47). Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2015]
Required for asymmetric spindle positioning, asymmetric oocyte division and polar body extrusion during female germ cell meiosis (By similarity). Actin-binding protein that is involved in actin cytoskeleton assembly and reorganization. Acts as an actin nucleation factor and promotes assembly of actin filaments together with SPIRE1 and SPIRE2. Involved in intracellular vesicle transport along actin fibers, providing a novel link between actin cytoskeleton dynamics and intracellular transport. Plays a role in responses to DNA damage, cellular stress and hypoxia by protecting CDKN1A against degradation, and thereby plays a role in stress-induced cell cycle arrest. Protects cells against apoptosis by protecting CDKN1A against degradation.
From NCBI Gene:
- Mental retardation, autosomal recessive 47
Mental retardation, autosomal recessive 47 (MRT47): A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRT47 patients show delayed development, with cognition and speech more affected than motor skills. [MIM:616193]