feline leukemia virus subgroup C cellular receptor 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the major facilitator superfamily of transporter proteins. The encoded protein is a heme transporter that may play a critical role in erythropoiesis by protecting developing erythroid cells from heme toxicity. This gene may play a role in posterior column ataxia with retinitis pigmentosa and the hematological disorder Diamond-Blackfan syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]
Isoform 1: Heme transporter that exports cytoplasmic heme. It can also export coproporphyrin and protoporphyrin IX, which are both intermediate products in the heme biosynthetic pathway. Does not export bilirubin. Heme export depends on the presence of HPX and is required to maintain intracellular free heme balance, protecting cells from heme toxicity. Heme export provides protection from heme or ferrous iron toxicities in liver, brain, sensory neurons and during erythtopoiesis, a process in which heme synthesis intensifies. Causes susceptibility to FeLV-C in vitro.
Isoform 2: Heme transporter that promotes heme efflux from the mitochondrion to the cytoplasm. Essential for erythroid differentiation.
From NCBI Gene:
- Posterior column ataxia with retinitis pigmentosa
Posterior column ataxia with retinitis pigmentosa (PCARP): A neurodegenerative syndrome beginning in infancy with areflexia and retinitis pigmentosa. Nyctalopia (night blindness) and peripheral visual field loss are usually evident during late childhood or teenage years, with subsequent progressive constriction of the visual fields and loss of central retinal function over time. A sensory ataxia caused by degeneration of the posterior columns of the spinal cord results in a loss of proprioceptive sensation that is clinically evident in the second decade of life and gradually progresses. Scoliosis, camptodactyly, achalasia, gastrointestinal dysmotility, and a sensory peripheral neuropathy are variable features of the disease. Affected individuals have no clinical or radiological evidence of cerebral or cerebellar involvement. [MIM:609033]
Defects in FLVCR1 are a cause of a sensory neuropathy resulting in pain insensitivity. Patients have decreased sensing of pain, temperature and touch. Self-injury, ulcers and amputations are commonly observed in affected individuals.