Fc receptor like 3
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the immunoglobulin receptor superfamily and is one of several Fc receptor-like glycoproteins clustered on the long arm of chromosome 1. The encoded protein contains immunoreceptor-tyrosine activation motifs and immunoreceptor-tyrosine inhibitory motifs in its cytoplasmic domain and may play a role in regulation of the immune system. Mutations in this gene have been associated with rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune thyroid disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]
Promotes TLR9-induced B-cell proliferation, activation and survival but inhibits antibody production and suppresses plasma cell differentiation. Enhances activation of NF-kappa-B and MAPK signaling pathways in TLR9 stimulated B-cells (PubMed:23857366). Has inhibitory potentional on B-cell receptor (BCR)-mediated signaling, possibly through association with SH2 domain-containing phosphatases. Inhibits cell tyrosine phosphorylation, calcium mobilization and activation-induced cell death induced through BCR signaling (PubMed:19843936). Regulatory T-cells expressing FCRL3 exhibit a memory phenotype, are relatively nonresponsive to antigenic stimulation in presence of IL2 and have reduced capacity to suppress the proliferation of effector T-cells (PubMed:20190142, PubMed:19494275).
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA): An inflammatory disease with autoimmune features and a complex genetic component. It primarily affects the joints and is characterized by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. [MIM:180300]
Genetic variation in FCRL3 may influence susceptibility to autoimmune disorders, including Graves disease or multiple sclerosis. Graves disease is an autoimmune disorder associated with overactivity of the thyroid gland and hyperthyroidism. Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune/inflammatory neurodegenerative disease which mainly affects young adults and is characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system.