EGR2 gene

early growth response 2

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

The protein encoded by this gene is a transcription factor with three tandem C2H2-type zinc fingers. Defects in this gene are associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1D (CMT1D), Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4E (CMT4E), and with Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS). Multiple transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

From UniProt:

Sequence-specific DNA-binding transcription factor (PubMed:17717711). Plays a role in hindbrain segmentation by regulating the expression of a subset of homeobox containing genes and in Schwann cell myelination by regulating the expression of genes involved in the formation and maintenance of myelin (By similarity). Binds to two EGR2-consensus sites EGR2A (5'-CTGTAGGAG-3') and EGR2B (5'-ATGTAGGTG-3') in the HOXB3 enhancer and promotes HOXB3 transcriptional activation (By similarity). Binds to specific DNA sites located in the promoter region of HOXA4, HOXB2 and ERBB2 (By similarity). Regulates hindbrain segmentation by controlling the expression of Hox genes, such as HOXA4, HOXB3 and HOXB2, and thereby specifying odd and even rhombomeres (By similarity). Promotes the expression of HOXB3 in the rhombomere r5 in the hindbrain (By similarity). Regulates myelination in the peripheral nervous system after birth, possibly by regulating the expression of myelin proteins, such as MPZ, and by promoting the differentiation of Schwann cells (By similarity). Involved in the development of the jaw openener musculature, probably by playing a role in its innervation through trigeminal motor neurons (By similarity). May play a role in adipogenesis, possibly by regulating the expression of CEBPB (By similarity).

E3 SUMO-protein ligase helping SUMO1 conjugation to its coregulators NAB1 and NAB2, whose sumoylation down-regulates EGR2 transcriptional activity.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From NCBI Gene:

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, demyelinating, type 1d
  • Congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy 1, autosomal recessive
  • Dejerine-Sottas disease

From UniProt:

Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS): A severe degenerating neuropathy of the demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease category, with onset by age 2 years. Characterized by motor and sensory neuropathy with very slow nerve conduction velocities, increased cerebrospinal fluid protein concentrations, hypertrophic nerve changes, delayed age of walking as well as areflexia. There are both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive forms of Dejerine-Sottas syndrome. [MIM:145900]

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 1D (CMT1D): A dominant demyelinating form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a disorder of the peripheral nervous system, characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy, initially of the peroneal muscles and later of the distal muscles of the arms. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is classified in two main groups on the basis of electrophysiologic properties and histopathology: primary peripheral demyelinating neuropathies (designated CMT1 when they are dominantly inherited) and primary peripheral axonal neuropathies (CMT2). Demyelinating neuropathies are characterized by severely reduced nerve conduction velocities (less than 38 m/sec), segmental demyelination and remyelination with onion bulb formations on nerve biopsy, slowly progressive distal muscle atrophy and weakness, absent deep tendon reflexes, and hollow feet. [MIM:607678]

Neuropathy, congenital hypomyelinating, 1, autosomal recessive (CHN1): A severe degenerating neuropathy that results from a congenital impairment in myelin formation. It is clinically characterized by early onset of hypotonia, areflexia, distal muscle weakness, and very slow nerve conduction velocities (as low as 3m/s). Some patients manifest nearly complete absence of spontaneous limb movements, respiratory distress at birth, and complete absence of myelin shown by electron microscopy of peripheral nerves. [MIM:605253]

Cytogenetic Location: 10q21.3, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 10 at position 21.3

Molecular Location: base pairs 62,811,996 to 62,819,167 on chromosome 10 (Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20200522, GRCh38.p13) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 10q21.3, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 10 at position 21.3
  • AT591
  • CHN1
  • CMT1D
  • CMT4E
  • KROX20