DYRK1A gene

dual specificity tyrosine phosphorylation regulated kinase 1A

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene encodes a member of the Dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase (DYRK) family. This member contains a nuclear targeting signal sequence, a protein kinase domain, a leucine zipper motif, and a highly conservative 13-consecutive-histidine repeat. It catalyzes its autophosphorylation on serine/threonine and tyrosine residues. It may play a significant role in a signaling pathway regulating cell proliferation and may be involved in brain development. This gene is a homolog of Drosophila mnb (minibrain) gene and rat Dyrk gene. It is localized in the Down syndrome critical region of chromosome 21, and is considered to be a strong candidate gene for learning defects associated with Down syndrome. Alternative splicing of this gene generates several transcript variants differing from each other either in the 5' UTR or in the 3' coding region. These variants encode at least five different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

May play a role in a signaling pathway regulating nuclear functions of cell proliferation. Modulates alternative splicing by phosphorylating the splice factor SRSF6 (By similarity). Phosphorylates serine, threonine and tyrosine residues in its sequence and in exogenous substrates such as CRY2, FOXO1, SRSF6 and SIRT1. Exhibits a substrate preference for proline at position P+1 and arginine at position P-3.

From NCBI Gene:

  • Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 7

From UniProt:

Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 7 (MRD7): A disease characterized by primary microcephaly, severe mental retardation without speech, anxious autistic behavior, and dysmorphic features, including bitemporal narrowing, deep-set eyes, large simple ears, and a pointed nasal tip. Mental retardation is characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. [MIM:614104]

Cytogenetic Location: 21q22.13, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 21 at position 22.13

Molecular Location: base pairs 37,365,790 to 37,515,376 on chromosome 21 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 21q22.13, which is the long (q) arm of chromosome 21 at position 22.13
  • DYRK
  • DYRK1
  • HP86
  • MNB
  • MNBH
  • MRD7