diphthamide biosynthesis 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of diphthamide, a modified histidine found only in elongation factor-2 (EEF2). Diphthamide residues in EEF2 are targeted for ADP-ribosylation by diphtheria toxin and Pseudomonas exotoxin A. Defects in this gene have been associated with both ovarian cancer and autosomal recessive intellectual disability with short stature, craniofacial, and ectodermal anomalies. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2016]
Required for the first step in the synthesis of diphthamide, a post-translational modification of histidine which occurs in translation elongation factor 2 (EEF2). When overexpressed, suppresses colony formation ability and growth rate of ovarian cancer cells. Acts also as a tumor suppressor in lung and breast cancers (By similarity). Plays a role in embryonic growth, organogenesis and postnatal survival (By similarity).
From NCBI Gene:
- Developmental delay with short stature, dysmorphic features, and sparse hair
Developmental delay with short stature, dysmorphic facial features, and sparse hair (DEDSSH): An autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by intellectual disability, short stature, and craniofacial and ectodermal anomalies including scaphocephaly with or without craniosynostosis, prominent forehead, sparse eyebrows and hair, hypoplastic toenails and, in some cases, dental anomalies. [MIM:616901]