DnaJ heat shock protein family (Hsp40) member B2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene is almost exclusively expressed in the brain, mainly in the neuronal layers. It encodes a protein that shows sequence similarity to bacterial DnaJ protein and the yeast homologs. In bacteria, this protein is implicated in protein folding and protein complex dissociation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]
Functions as a co-chaperone, regulating the substrate binding and activating the ATPase activity of chaperones of the HSP70/heat shock protein 70 family (PubMed:7957263, PubMed:22219199). In parallel, also contributes to the ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation of misfolded proteins (PubMed:15936278, PubMed:21625540). Thereby, may regulate the aggregation and promote the functional recovery of misfolded proteins like HTT, MC4R, PRKN, RHO and SOD1 and be crucial for many biological processes (PubMed:12754272, PubMed:20889486, PubMed:21719532, PubMed:22396390, PubMed:24023695). Isoform 1 which is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum membranes may specifically function in ER-associated protein degradation of misfolded proteins (PubMed:15936278).
From NCBI Gene:
- Spinal muscular atrophy, distal, autosomal recessive, 5
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, axonal, type 2T
Distal spinal muscular atrophy, autosomal recessive, 5 (DSMA5): An autosomal recessive neurologic disorder characterized by young adult onset of slowly progressive distal muscle weakness and atrophy resulting in gait impairment and loss of reflexes due to impaired function of motor nerves. Sensation and cognition are not impaired. [MIM:614881]