DMRT1

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 1

The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.

From NCBI Gene:

This gene is found in a cluster with two other members of the gene family, having in common a zinc finger-like DNA-binding motif (DM domain). The DM domain is an ancient, conserved component of the vertebrate sex-determining pathway that is also a key regulator of male development in flies and nematodes. This gene exhibits a gonad-specific and sexually dimorphic expression pattern. Defective testicular development and XY feminization occur when this gene is hemizygous. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

From UniProt:

Transcription factor that plays a key role in male sex determination and differentiation by controlling testis development and male germ cell proliferation. Plays a central role in spermatogonia by inhibiting meiosis in undifferentiated spermatogonia and promoting mitosis, leading to spermatogonial development and allowing abundant and continuous production of sperm. Acts both as a transcription repressor and activator: prevents meiosis by restricting retinoic acid (RA)-dependent transcription and repressing STRA8 expression and promotes spermatogonial development by activating spermatogonial differentiation genes, such as SOHLH1. Also plays a key role in postnatal sex maintenance by maintaining testis determination and preventing feminization: represses transcription of female promoting genes such as FOXL2 and activates male-specific genes. May act as a tumor suppressor. May also play a minor role in oogenesis.

Covered on Genetics Home Reference:

From UniProt:

46,XY sex reversal 4 (SRXY4): A condition characterized by male-to-female sex reversal in the presence of a normal 46,XY karyotype. Patients display complete or partial gonadal dysgenesis and a chromosome 9p deletion. [MIM:154230]

Testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT): A common malignancy in males representing 95% of all testicular neoplasms. TGCTs have various pathologic subtypes including: unclassified intratubular germ cell neoplasia, seminoma (including cases with syncytiotrophoblastic cells), spermatocytic seminoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, choriocarcinoma, and teratoma. [MIM:273300]

Cytogenetic Location: 9p24.3, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 9 at position 24.3

Molecular Location: base pairs 841,647 to 969,090 on chromosome 9 (Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108, GRCh38.p7) (NCBI)

Cytogenetic Location: 9p24.3, which is the short (p) arm of chromosome 9 at position 24.3
  • CT154
  • DMT1