dehydrogenase E1 and transketolase domain containing 1
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a component of a mitochondrial 2-oxoglutarate-dehydrogenase-complex-like protein involved in the degradation pathways of several amino acids, including lysine. Mutations in this gene are associated with 2-aminoadipic 2-oxoadipic aciduria and Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 2Q. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]
The 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and CO(2). It contains multiple copies of three enzymatic components: 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E1), dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (E2) and lipoamide dehydrogenase (E3).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, axonal, type 2Q
- 2-aminoadipic 2-oxoadipic aciduria
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 2Q (CMT2Q): An axonal form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a disorder of the peripheral nervous system, characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy, initially of the peroneal muscles and later of the distal muscles of the arms. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is classified in two main groups on the basis of electrophysiologic properties and histopathology: primary peripheral demyelinating neuropathies (designated CMT1 when they are dominantly inherited) and primary peripheral axonal neuropathies (CMT2). Neuropathies of the CMT2 group are characterized by signs of axonal degeneration in the absence of obvious myelin alterations, normal or slightly reduced nerve conduction velocities, and progressive distal muscle weakness and atrophy. Nerve conduction velocities are normal or slightly reduced. [MIM:615025]
2-aminoadipic 2-oxoadipic aciduria (AMOXAD): A metabolic disorder characterized by increased levels of 2-oxoadipate and 2-hydroxyadipate in the urine, and elevated 2-aminoadipate in the plasma. Patients can have mild to severe intellectual disability, muscular hypotonia, developmental delay, ataxia, and epilepsy. Most cases are asymptomatic. [MIM:204750]