diacylglycerol kinase epsilon
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Diacylglycerol kinases are thought to be involved mainly in the regeneration of phosphatidylinositol (PI) from diacylglycerol in the PI-cycle during cell signal transduction. When expressed in mammalian cells, DGK-epsilon shows specificity for arachidonyl-containing diacylglycerol. DGK-epsilon is expressed predominantly in testis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Membrane-bound diacylglycerol kinase that converts diacylglycerol/DAG into phosphatidic acid/phosphatidate/PA and regulates the respective levels of these two bioactive lipids (PubMed:15544348, PubMed:19744926, PubMed:22108654, PubMed:21477596, PubMed:23949095). Thereby, acts as a central switch between the signaling pathways activated by these second messengers with different cellular targets and opposite effects in numerous biological processes (PubMed:8626589, PubMed:15544348). Also plays an important role in the biosynthesis of complex lipids (PubMed:8626589). Displays specificity for diacylglycerol substrates with an arachidonoyl acyl chain at the sn-2 position, with the highest activity toward 1-octadecanoyl-2-(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoyl)-sn-glycerol the main diacylglycerol intermediate within the phosphatidylinositol turnover cycle (PubMed:19744926, PubMed:22108654, PubMed:23274426). Can also phosphorylate diacylglycerol substrates with a linoleoyl acyl chain at the sn-2 position but much less efficiently (PubMed:22108654).
From NCBI Gene:
- Nephrotic syndrome, type 7
Nephrotic syndrome 7 (NPHS7): A form of nephrotic syndrome, a renal disease clinically characterized by severe proteinuria, resulting in complications such as hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia and edema. NPHS7 is an autosomal recessive form characterized by onset of proteinuria usually in the first decade of life. The disorder is progressive, and some patients develop end-stage renal disease within several years. Renal biopsy typically shows membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. [MIM:615008]
Hemolytic uremic syndrome atypical 7 (AHUS7): An atypical form of hemolytic uremic syndrome characterized by acute onset in the first year of life of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal failure. After the acute episode, most patients develop chronic renal insufficiency. Unlike other genetic forms of aHUS, AHUS7 is not related to abnormal activation of the complement system. [MIM:615008]