DEP domain containing 5
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the IML1 family of proteins involved in G-protein signaling pathways. The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway regulates cell growth by sensing the availability of nutrients. The protein encoded by this gene is a component of the GATOR1 (GAP activity toward Rags) complex which inhibits the amino acid-sensing branch of the mTORC1 pathway. Mutations in this gene are associated with autosomal dominant familial focal epilepsy with variable foci. A single nucleotide polymorphism in an intron of this gene has been associated with an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]
As a component of the GATOR1 complex functions as an inhibitor of the amino acid-sensing branch of the TORC1 pathway. The GATOR1 complex strongly increases GTP hydrolysis by RRAGA and RRAGB within RRAGC-containing heterodimers, thereby deactivating RRAGs, releasing mTORC1 from lysosomal surface and inhibiting mTORC1 signaling. The GATOR1 complex is negatively regulated by GATOR2 the other GATOR subcomplex in this amino acid-sensing branch of the TORC1 pathway.
From NCBI Gene:
- Epilepsy, familial focal, with variable foci
Epilepsy, familial focal, with variable foci (FFEVF): An autosomal dominant form of epilepsy characterized by focal seizures arising from different cortical regions in different family members. Many patients have an aura and show automatisms during the seizures, whereas others may have nocturnal seizures. There is often secondary generalization. Some patients show abnormal interictal EEG, and some patients may have intellectual disability or autism spectrum disorders. Seizure onset usually occurs in the first or second decades, although later onset has been reported, and there is phenotypic variability within families. Penetrance of the disorder is incomplete. [MIM:604364]
Inactivating mutations and truncating deletions in the genes encoding GATOR1 proteins, including DEPDC5, are detected in glioblastoma and ovarian tumors and are associated with loss of heterozygosity events. Inactivation of GATOR1 proteins promotes constitutive localization of mTORC1 to the lysosomal membrane and blocks mTORC1 inactivation following amino acid withdrawal (PubMed:23723238).