cytochrome P450 family 4 subfamily F member 22
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 19 and encodes an enzyme thought to play a role in the 12(R)-lipoxygenase pathway. Mutations in this gene are the cause of ichthyosis lamellar type 3. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
A cytochrome P450 monooxygenase involved in epidermal ceramide biosynthesis. Hydroxylates the terminal carbon (omega-hydroxylation) of ultra-long-chain fatty acyls (C28-C36) prior to ceramide synthesis (PubMed:26056268). Contributes to the synthesis of three classes of omega-hydroxy-ultra-long chain fatty acylceramides having sphingosine, 6-hydroxysphingosine and phytosphingosine bases, all major lipid components that underlie the permeability barrier of the stratum corneum (PubMed:26056268). Mechanistically, uses molecular oxygen inserting one oxygen atom into a substrate, and reducing the second into a water molecule, with two electrons provided by NADPH via cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR; NADPH-ferrihemoprotein reductase) (PubMed:26056268).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis 5
Ichthyosis, congenital, autosomal recessive 5 (ARCI5): A form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, a disorder of keratinization with abnormal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis, resulting in abnormal skin scaling over the whole body. The main skin phenotypes are lamellar ichthyosis (LI) and non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE), although phenotypic overlap within the same patient or among patients from the same family can occur. Lamellar ichthyosis is a condition often associated with an embedment in a collodion-like membrane at birth; skin scales later develop, covering the entire body surface. Non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by fine whitish scaling on an erythrodermal background; larger brownish scales are present on the buttocks, neck and legs. [MIM:604777]