cytochrome P450 family 4 subfamily F member 2
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. The enzyme starts the process of inactivating and degrading leukotriene B4, a potent mediator of inflammation. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 19. Another member of this family, CYP4F11, is approximately 16 kb away. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Omega-hydroxylase that oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids and xenobiotics. Plays a key role in vitamin K catabolism by mediating omega-hydroxylation of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone), and menaquinone-4 (MK-4), a form of vitamin K2. Hydroxylation of phylloquinone and MK-4 probably regulates blood coagulation (PubMed:19297519, PubMed:24138531). Also shows arachidonic acid omega-hydroxylase activity in kidney, by mediating conversion of arachidonic acid to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), possibly influencing blood pressure control (PubMed:10660572, PubMed:17341693, PubMed:18574070). Also acts as a leukotriene-B(4) omega-hydroxylase by mediating conversion of leukotriene-B(4) (LTB4) to its omega-hydroxylated metabolite 20-hydroxyleukotriene-B(4) (20-OH LTB4) (PubMed:8026587, PubMed:9799565).
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
Coumarin resistance (CMRES): A condition characterized by partial or complete resistance to warfarin or other 4-hydroxycoumarin derivatives. These drugs are used as anti-coagulants for the prevention of thromboembolic diseases in subjects with deep vein thrombosis, atrial fibrillation, or mechanical heart valve replacement. [MIM:122700]