crumbs 2, cell polarity complex component
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a member of a family of proteins that are components of the Crumbs cell polarity complex. In mammals, members of this family are thought to play a role in many cellular processes in early embryonic development. A similar protein in Drosophila determines apicobasal polarity in embryonic epithelial cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis 9, and with ventriculomegaly with cystic kidney disease. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]
Apical polarity protein that plays a central role during the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) at gastrulation, when newly specified mesodermal cells move inside the embryo. Acts by promoting cell ingression, the process by which cells leave the epithelial epiblast and move inside the embryo to form a new tissue layer. The anisotropic distribution of CRB2 and MYH10/myosin-IIB at cell edges define which cells will ingress: cells with high apical CRB2 are probably extruded from the epiblast by neighboring cells with high levels of apical MYH10/myosin-IIB. Also required for maintenance of the apical polarity complex during development of the cortex.
From NCBI Gene:
- Ventriculomegaly with cystic kidney disease
- Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis 9
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis 9 (FSGS9): A renal pathology defined by the presence of segmental sclerosis in glomeruli and resulting in proteinuria, reduced glomerular filtration rate and progressive decline in renal function. Renal insufficiency often progresses to end-stage renal disease, a highly morbid state requiring either dialysis therapy or kidney transplantation. [MIM:616220]
Ventriculomegaly with cystic kidney disease (VMCKD): A severe autosomal recessive developmental disorder manifesting in utero. It is characterized by cerebral ventriculomegaly, echogenic kidneys, microscopic renal tubular cysts and findings of congenital nephrosis. [MIM:219730]