The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes carnitine O-acetyltransferase, a member of the carnitine acyltransferase family and a key metabolic pathway enzyme which plays an important role in energy homeostasis and fat metabolism. This enzyme catalyzes the reversible transfer of acyl groups from an acyl-CoA thioester to carnitine and regulates the ratio of acyl-CoA/CoA. It is found in both the mitochondria and the peroxisome. Alternative splicing results in transcript variants encoding different isoforms that may localize to different subcellular compartments. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2016]
Catalyzes the reversible transfer of acyl groups from carnitine to coenzyme A (CoA) and regulates the acyl-CoA/CoA ratio. Also plays a crucial role in the transport of fatty acids for beta-oxidation (PubMed:15099582, PubMed:29395073). Responsible for the synthesis of short- and branched-chain acylcarnitines (PubMed:23485643). Active towards some branched-chain amino acid oxidation pathway (BCAAO) intermediates (PubMed:23485643). Trans-2-enoyl-CoAs and 2-methylacyl-CoAs are poor substrates (PubMed:23485643).
From NCBI Gene:
- NEURODEGENERATION WITH BRAIN IRON ACCUMULATION 8
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation 8 (NBIA8): A neurodegenerative disorder associated with iron accumulation, primarily in the basal ganglia. Disease onset is in early childhood. Clinical features include speech delay, progressive cerebellar ataxia, unbalanced gait, and loss of ambulation. NBIA8 transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. [MIM:617917]