COX15, cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes a protein which is not a structural subunit, but may be essential for the biogenesis of COX formation and may function in the hydroxylation of heme O, according to the yeast mutant studies. This protein is predicted to contain 5 transmembrane domains localized in the mitochondrial inner membrane. Alternative splicing of this gene generates two transcript variants diverging in the 3' region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
May be involved in the biosynthesis of heme A.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Leigh syndrome
- Cardioencephalomyopathy, fatal infantile, due to cytochrome c oxidase deficiency 2
Leigh syndrome (LS): An early-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of focal, bilateral lesions in one or more areas of the central nervous system including the brainstem, thalamus, basal ganglia, cerebellum and spinal cord. Clinical features depend on which areas of the central nervous system are involved and include subacute onset of psychomotor retardation, hypotonia, ataxia, weakness, vision loss, eye movement abnormalities, seizures, and dysphagia. [MIM:256000]
Cardioencephalomyopathy, fatal infantile, due to cytochrome c oxidase deficiency 2 (CEMCOX2): An infantile disorder, with a rapidly progressive fatal course, characterized by cytochrome c oxidase deficiency. Clinical features include microcephaly, encephalopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, persistent lactic acidosis, respiratory distress, hypotonia and seizures. Postmortem cardiac muscle studies show marked complex IV deficiency. Complex IV activity is only slightly decreased in the skeletal muscle. [MIM:615119]