COX14, cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes a small single-pass transmembrane protein that localizes to mitochondria. This protein may play a role in coordinating the early steps of cytochrome c oxidase (COX; also known as complex IV) subunit assembly and, in particular, the synthesis and assembly of the COX I subunit of the holoenzyme. Mutations in this gene have been associated with mitochondrial complex IV deficiency. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]
Core component of the MITRAC (mitochondrial translation regulation assembly intermediate of cytochrome c oxidase complex) complex, that regulates cytochrome c oxidase assembly. Requires for coordination of the early steps of cytochrome c oxidase assembly with the synthesis of MT-CO1.
Covered on Genetics Home Reference:
From NCBI Gene:
- Hepatic failure, early-onset, and neurologic disorder due to cytochrome C oxidase deficiency
Defects in COX14 may be a cause of a mitochondrial disorder presenting with severe congenital lactic acidosis and dysmorphic features associated with a COX assembly defect. Other features include brain hypertrophy, diffuse alteration of the white-matter myelination, and numerous cavities in the parieto-occipital region, brainstem, and cerebellum, as well as hepatomegaly, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, renal hypoplasia, and adrenal-gland hyperplasia.