collagen type IV alpha 2 chain
The information on this page was automatically extracted from online scientific databases.
From NCBI Gene:
This gene encodes one of the six subunits of type IV collagen, the major structural component of basement membranes. The C-terminal portion of the protein, known as canstatin, is an inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth. Like the other members of the type IV collagen gene family, this gene is organized in a head-to-head conformation with another type IV collagen gene so that each gene pair shares a common promoter. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Canstatin, a cleavage product corresponding to the collagen alpha 2(IV) NC1 domain, possesses both anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor cell activity. It inhibits proliferation and migration of endothelial cells, reduces mitochondrial membrane potential, and induces apoptosis. Specifically induces Fas-dependent apoptosis and activates procaspase-8 and -9 activity. Ligand for alphavbeta3 and alphavbeta5 integrins.
Type IV collagen is the major structural component of glomerular basement membranes (GBM), forming a 'chicken-wire' meshwork together with laminins, proteoglycans and entactin/nidogen.
From NCBI Gene:
- Hemorrhage, intracerebral, susceptibility to
- Porencephaly 2
Brain small vessel disease 2 (BSVD2): An autosomal dominant cerebrovascular disorder with variable manifestations reflecting the location and severity of the vascular defect. BSVD2 features include intracranial hemorrage, fluid-filled cysts or cavities within the cerebral hemispheres, delayed psychomotor development, hemiplegia, spasticity and seizures. [MIM:614483]
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH): A pathological condition characterized by bleeding into one or both cerebral hemispheres including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex. It is often associated with hypertension and craniocerebral trauma. Intracerebral bleeding is a common cause of stroke. [MIM:614519]